Select Your Gem

amethyst2 amethyst1

Amethyst is a semi-precious gemstone rating 980/1000. Common. Best variety mostly from Burma, Kashmir and Russia. Best color is purple to magenta. Poor specimens too light, too dark and too dull. Best cut shape is regular although there are many different shapes and carvings. Best faceted depth is ideal or fine. Worst is shallow with large window. Amethyst like most quartz has less 'fire' than most other similar gems and many specimens are nearly opaque. Best clarity is 'clear' which is fairly rare. Large carved specimens not rare. Amethyst is usually a large crystal and cut ot exclude external flaws. Internal inclusions are few as only large clear stones are cut. Size of gem exponential to price. Amethyst is an inexpensive large gem. It will be used in carved broaches, necklaces etc. usually of silver. Look particularly for items with colored gemstone settings. Gem value: please submit your form.

MARKET NEWS:
Fairly common in the market particularly many small carvings of religious themes. Top quality with best clarity is OK for rings if the color is preferable. General prices quite reasonable.

aqua1 aqqua2

Aquamarine is a semi-precious gemstone rating 940/1000. A beryl, fairly common gem and large sizes. Best color is a blue. Too light not so good. Many shapes and many fancy cuts. Regular shapes are best and good cutting important. Best depth is ideal or deep with fancy facets. Worst is shallow. Aquamarine has varying 'fire'. Many dull specimens especially those of light pastel shades. Best clarity is very clear which is most common. Not many flaws. Clean specimens are common. Internal inclusions unusual. If any inclusions I would doubt aquamarine. Many large sizes. Size of gem exponential to price. Aquamarine will usually be in inexpensive settings Look particularly for broaches or large rings. Gem value: please submit your form.

MARKET NEWS:
Aquamarine is abundant in the market with mostly all coming from Africa. Among this is some very good quality material. There have been lots of 25 kilos uncut that sell pounds for a few dollars. This has generally driven the price down. Color is the main quality parameter with clarity a close second. The cut gems are available in large sizes. Some master cutters are using some of the larger stones for carvings that can sell well due to the added work value. Like most gems some beautiful examples but this type presently in plentiful supply. This does not seem to be abating any time soon.

chrometourm1 chrometourm2

Chrome tourmaline is a semi-precious gemstone rating 110/1000. Quite rare. Best color is a vivid green. Poor specimens too dark or too light. Best cut shape is regular. Best depth is ideal or fine. Worst is shallow with large window. Chrome tourmaline has special chrome like 'fire' depending on cut. Some dull specimens especially those very included. Best clarity is 'clear' which is rare. Chrome tourmaline is usually free from external flaws . Internal inclusions are usually needles, color zoning and bubbles. If heated will decrease value. Size of gem exponential to price. Chrome tourmaline will be used in rings, broaches, necklaces etc. usually of expensive materials such as white gold or high carat gold. Look particularly for items with clear diamond settings. Gem value: please submit your form.

MARKET NEWS:
Some brilliant gems if you can find one. The color is often startling when seller indicates tourmaline it is often a surprise as apart from paraiba tourmaline is not quite as alive. Usually in small sizes and worth the money.

citrine1 citrine2

Citrine is a semi-precious gemstone rating 978/1000. Common. Best variety mostly from Burma, Kashmir and Russia. Best color is a lemon yellow. Poor specimens too light and too dull. Best cut shape is regular. Best depth is ideal or fine. Worst is shallow with large window. Citrine has less 'fire' than most other similar gems although some Russian specimens are very good. Best cut in round or oval. Best clarity is 'clear' which is fairly common. Large specimens not rare. Citrine is usually large and cut ot exclude external flaws . Internal inclusions are few as only large clear crystals are cut. Size of gem exponential to price. Citrine is an inexpensive large gem. It will be used in broaches, necklaces etc. usually of silver. Look particularly for items with colored gemstone settings. Gem value: please submit your form.

MARKET NEWS:
Large gems not rare as yellow quartz quite common. Mostly clear with the best color the pure yellow with maybe a trace of orange.

demantoid1 demantoid2

Demantoid garnet is a semi-precious gemstone rating 917/1000. Fairly rare. Best color is bright green with red flashes. Poor specimens too dark or too light. Best cut shape is regular. Best depth is ideal or fine. Worst is shallow with large window. Demantoid garnet has terrific 'fire' depending if cut adequately. Some dull specimens especially those of dark shades. Best clarity is 'clear' which is the rare. Demantoid is usually free from external flaws . Internal inclusions are usually needles or 'horsetail needles'(radiating). Dark discolorations sometimes occur in this naturally mined and untreated gemstone. Size of gem exponential to price. Demantoid garnet will usually be in expensive settings in rings, broaches or necklaces . Usually of gold (17ct. gold, white gold). Look particularly for more items with diamonds or sapphire settings. Gem value: please submit your form.

MARKET NEWS:
Look for the red flashes in all lights. The stronger the flash and the better the green - the better the gemstone. A collector's gemstone where often the collector will often pre-order anything good as soon as it appears. Steep prices for the best. Lighter greens not so expensive.

coldiamond1 coldiamond2

Colored Diamond is a precious gemstone rating 24/1000. Rare and uncommon gem and small sizes. Best color is a pure red, blue or pink. Yellow ok but too brown or dark not so good as affects brilliance. Colored Diamond regular shapes are best and good cutting important. Best depth is ideal with accurate facets. Worst is shallow. Colored Diamond has varying 'fire' from exceptional down. Dull specimens usually browns and grays that dull the gem. Best clarity is clear which is most rare. Not many external flaws. Usually cut clean. Hard gem. Internal inclusions can be many and can change the value accordingly. Mostly small sizes. Size of gem exponential to price. Colored Diamond will usually be in very expensive settings with clear diamonds as surrounds. White gold or platinum. Look particularly for necklace or ring. Also vintage, heritage etc. Gem value: please submit your form.

MARKET NEWS:
These gems,colorless or colored are generally not rare. A few of the best of the best are. If all the available diamonds were released to the market the price would plummet. Certainly well below ruby and sapphire. The fact is they have been, and are kept artifically high by the cartels involved in their distribution. They are also heavily advertised. Therefore 99% of commercial natural diamonds are overpriced. Clean and pure hued red, blue and pink colored diamonds are very rare and worth the money. Secondary hues are not. There are many grades with only those experienced traders aware that included diamonds can be purchased cheaply and sold commercially in jewelry well above their price. Diamonds can also be treated to make them more saleable. Look for certificates and bargain heavily.

diopside1 diopside2

Diaopside is a precious gemstone rating 957/1000.Chrome diopside certainly won't win any contests for the most beautiful name. To most people, it sounds more like a furniture polish than a gemstone. But don't be misled by that! Chrome diopside has a beautiful rich green color and an amazingly low price. In fact it is the most affordable gemstone in a pure rich green. Best depth is ideal or fine. Worst is shallow with large window. Diopside has less 'fire' than most other similar gems although some Russian specimens are very good. Best cut in round or oval. Best clarity is 'clear' which is fairly common. Large specimens rare. Diopside is a little soft and therefore not free from external flaws . Internal inclusions are many and usually needles, light and dark spots. Not a treated gem. Size of gem exponential to price. Chrome diopside is mostly available in small sizes: in the rare large sizes, the color actually becomes so rich that it is too dark. But for bright green accent stones, chrome diopside is ideal. However, it is relatively soft, with a hardness of only 5.5, so it is a better choice for earrings or a pendant than for a ring which will receive a lot of wear. Gem value: please submit your form.

MARKET NEWS:
Rarely in the market. A collector's piece with high value. Bright forest green and clear are the best if you can get one.

emerald1 emerald2

Emerald is a precious gemstone rating 140/1000. Rare. Best color is bright green. Too light or too dark is poor. Best shape is a square or 'emerald' cut although any regular cut is OK. Best depth is ideal. Worst is shallow. Emerald has varying 'fire'. A few are very 'alive' but many dull specimens especially those of light or dark shades. Best clarity is clear which is rare. Emerald sometimes has many cracks. Clear specimens are rare. Many stones are treated for improvements. Internal inclusions are usually apparent and of all types. If no inclusions I would doubt it is an emerald. Size of gem exponential to price. Emeralds will usually be in expensive settings of gold with other rare gems such as diamonds. Look particularly for vintage or heritage items. Gem value: please submit your form.

MARKET NEWS:
Is a beryl and usually very included so is rare to find a good one of any size and good fire. Some of the best I have found were in old jewelry pieces. South American mines are largely played out and new sources rare. It is the only gemstone that has a named color and cut. It usually has better color than green sapphire, green peridot and green tourmaline as well as more fire. Chrome tourmaline and tsavorite garnet however can compare although with slightly different green shades. When buying avoid excessively filled and oiled (coated) emerald or any with surface flaws. Expensive to buy and small profit on sale.

indicolite1 indicolite2

Indicolite tourmaline is a semi-precious gemstone rating 470/1000. Rare. Best color is a pure vivid blue. Poor specimens too light. Less value if heat treated. Blue tourmaline are sometimes heat-treated to enhance color. Best cut shape is regular. Best depth is ideal or fine. Worst is shallow with large window. Indicolite tourmaline has good 'fire' depending on cut. Some dull specimens especially those badly cut. Best clarity is 'clear' which is fairly rare. Indicolite tourmaline is usually free from external flaws . Internal inclusions are usually needles, color banding, crackling, light and dark discoloration. Size of gem exponential to price. Indicolite tourmaline is rare and will be used in rings, broaches, necklaces etc. usually of white gold, platinum or yellow gold (17ct. gold). Look particularly for items with diamond settings. Gem value: please submit your form.

MARKET NEWS:
The species of 'blue' tourmaline. Many shades of blue, blue green etc. are available. A cold, steely blue is the real indicolite. In the market it is usually clean and emerald cut. Mid range value. Don't confuse with the warm blue or blue green.

malaya1 malaya2

Malaya garnet is a semi-precious gemstone rating 790/1000. Often confused with spessatite. Fairly rare. Best color is bright orange to yellow. Poor specimens too brown or too light. Some specimens are pinkish. Best cut shape is regular with oval or cushion. Best depth is ideal or fine. Worst is shallow with large window. Malaya garnet has varying 'fire' depending on cut. Some dull specimens especially those of dark shades. Best clarity is 'clear' which is the most common. Malaya garnet is usually free from external flaws . Internal inclusions are usually needles or dark discoloration in this naturally mined and untreated gemstone. Size of gem exponential to price. Malaya garnet will usually be in many settings of many stones such as necklaces or earrings. Usually of silver and gold (9-17ct. gold). Look particularly for more modern items with zirconia or clear sapphire settings. Gem value: please submit your form.

MARKET NEWS:
A fairly new arrival in the international markets. Usually a light yellow to orange with the light yellow the more prevalent. Yet to see many brilliant examples but that does not mean they don't exist. Light yellow gems in other species are also not the most sought after.

mali1 mali2

Mali garnet is a semi-precious gemstone rating 710/1000. Often confused with spessatite. Fairly rare. Best color is bright orange to yellow. Poor specimens too brown or too light. Some specimens are pinkish. Best cut shape is regular with oval or cushion. Best depth is ideal or fine. Worst is shallow with large window. Mali garnet has varying 'fire' depending on cut. Some dull specimens especially those of dark shades. Best clarity is 'clear' which is the most common. Mali garnet is usually free from external flaws . Internal inclusions are usually needles or dark discoloration in this naturally mined and untreated gemstone. Size of gem exponential to price. Mali garnet will usually be in many settings of many stones such as necklaces or earrings. Usually of silver and gold (9-17ct. gold). Look particularly for more modern items with zirconia or clear sapphire settings. Gem value: please submit your form.

MARKET NEWS:
Another garnet variety that appears now and then from African mines. Sometimes in large quantities uncut but color is everything with this gem. Prices generally moderate depending on market demand at the time. All purpose gemstone.

morganite1 morganite2

Morganite is a semi-precious gemstone rating 930/1000. A beryl, fairly common gem. Best color is a natural pink. Too light or too orange not so good. Usually heat treated for best color. Many shapes and many fancy cuts. Regular shapes are best. Best depth is ideal. Worst is shallow. Morganite has varying 'fire'. Many dull specimens especially those of light pastel shades. Best clarity is very clear which is most common. Not many flaws. Clean specimens are common. Internal inclusions unusual. If any inclusions I would doubt morganite. Many large sizes. Size of gem exponential to price. calculator.php Morganite will usually be in inexpensive settings Look particularly for vintage broaches or silver items. Gem value: please submit your form.

MARKET NEWS:
Pink gems rare and this species not often seen unless on specific order. In such cases the prices are usually controlled.

padparadscha1 padparadscha2

Padparadscha sapphire is a semi-precious gemstone rating 250/1000. A form of mineral corundum which also includes ruby. Many colors but best color is a vivid, bright orange. Too dark or too light or brownish or yellow colors are not so good. Sometimes confused with spessatite garnet but is usually brighter. Best common shape is oval or cushion although any regular cut is OK. Any gem over one carat is rare. Best depth is ideal. Worst is shallow. Fine sapphire has superb 'fire'. Dull specimens usually too dark or cloudy. Best clarity is clear which is very rare. Padparadscha is often free from external flaws but many are cut to maximize size. Internal inclusions are common in this naturally mined gemstone and may include silk, crackling . Often yellow specimens are heat-treated, diffusion-treated or irradiated to enhance color so as to appear to be padparadscha. Signs of treatment include silk that intersects the surface and artificial crackling. Size of gem exponential to price. Padparadscha will usually be in many settings such as rings necklaces or earrings. Usually of white or yelllow (17ct. + gold). Look particularly for items with expensive diamond settings. Heritage and classic settings with bright orange sapphire are worth closer examination. Gem value: please submit your form.

MARKET NEWS:
Always beware when purchasing this gem as many heated yellow sapphire masquerade as the real thing in the market place. It needs a careful examination by a professional to determining the difference. However the real padparadscha has a glow that is more alive and a color more vivid but unless you know the difference it is difficult to compare as the real gems are few and far between. A genuine example is worth the money and if relatively clean even more so. Good investment gem.

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